Have you been constipated for over a month no matter what kinds of drugs you take? Long-term constipation is the type of condition that requires prompt medical attention. It is possible that you are suffering from a disease known as colon cancer. Take a look at this article for the answers to some of the questions that you might have in mind about colon cancer.
Why Does Colon Cancer Develop?
Colon cancer affects the lower area of the large intestine. Basically, the disease begins when benign cells that are known as adenomatous polyps begins to grow. If the polyps are not detected and removed soon enough, they can become malignant, which is what leads to colon cancer. Keep in mind that the benign polyps may not cause symptoms.
Are There Any Colon Cancer Symptoms?
There are several colon cancer symptoms that you should be aware of. For instance, a noticeable change in your bowel movements is a sign of colon cancer. Both constipation and diarrhea can point to the disease when they are severe. You can also pay attention to your body and look for unexplained weight loss. Regular abdominal cramps and rectal bleeding are some of the other possible symptoms.
Who is at Risk for Colon Cancer?
It your family has a history of colon cancer, your risks are higher. Growing old can also increase the risk of colon cancer developing. Obesity, smoking, and alcohol are a few of the other contributing conditions to colon cancer.
How Can Colon Cancer Be Diagnosed?
A colonoscopy is the main technique that is used for diagnosing colon cancer. Basically, a specialist will have to examine the inside of your colon and rectum. A long tube that has a camera attached to the end will be inserted inside of your rectum. Other medical tools can be passed through the tube if the specialist desires to take tissue samples for testing in a laboratory.
What Kind of Treatment is Necessary?
The extent of treatment will depend on the progress of the disease. If you are in the early stages, it is possible for all of the polyps to be removed when the colonoscopy is performed. A partial colectomy can be done if the cancer is more advanced, which involves removing the cancerous area of your colon. It is in your best interest to make an appointment to be tested for colon cancer as soon as you can.
For more information on colonoscopies and cancer treatment, contact a medical center like Kinston Medical Specialists PA.